Subsequently, most of the city's old edifices were renewed or adapted to Christian roles, while numerous others were built in newly created quarters such as Mercadillo and San Francisco.The Real Maestranza de Caballería de Ronda was founded in the town in 1572.Their collective accounts have contributed to Ronda's popularity over time.In the first decades of the 20th century, the famous German poet Rainer Maria Rilke spent extended periods in Ronda, where he kept a permanent room at the Hotel Reina Victoria (built in 1906); his room remains to this day as he left it, a minimuseum of Rilkeana.Many people overtly converted to keep their possessions while secretly practicing their religion. They were required to wear upon their caps and turbans a blue crescent. This systematic suppression forced the Muslims to seek refuge in mountainous regions of southern Andalusia; Ronda was one such refuge.On May 25, 1566, Philip II decreed the use of the Arabic language (written or spoken) illegal, required that doors to homes remain open on Fridays to verify that no Muslim Friday prayers were conducted, and levied heavy taxes on Morisco trades.Later, the Visigoth king Leovigild captured the city.
a clownishly macho preamble to the bull's slaughter.".
Later Phoenician settlers established themselves nearby to found Acinipo, known locally as Ronda la Vieja, Arunda, or Old Ronda.